Babies born through IVF are smarter but more prone to mental health problems than children conceived naturally, according to research.
Experts from the University of Helsinki followed 280,000 young people born in Finland between 1995 and 2000 until their 18th birthday.
Babies born using assisted conception methods performed better in class and were less likely to drop out of secondary school.
However, they were at a slightly higher risk of being diagnosed with a mental health problem — specifically anxiety or depression.
Researchers said better school performance in IVF babies may be due to wealthier families being more able to afford the procedure.
The increased risk of mental health problems persisted even when children born through IVF were compared to naturally conceived siblings.
Parents who have undergone IVF may pay more attention to their child’s health and take them to the doctor more often, researchers theorize.
A team from the University of Helsinki studied nearly 280,000 children born in Finland between 1995 and 2000. About one in 20 was born through IVF, artificial insemination and ovulation induction – known as medically assisted reproduction (MAR). While the group performed better on school tests and were less likely to drop out of high school, they were one percent more likely to have mental health problems. Pictured: stock of in vitro fertilization (IVF) close-up
HOW COMMON IS INFERTILITY?
Infertility occurs when a couple is unable to conceive (conceive) despite regular unprotected sex.
About 1 in 7 couples may have trouble conceiving.
About 84 percent of couples will conceive naturally within a year if they have regular unprotected sex — defined as every two to three days.
Couples who have been trying for more than three years without success have a one in four or less chance of conceiving naturally within the next year.
Brits are advised to speak to their GP if they have been unable to conceive after a year of trying.
Infertility is usually caused by a lack of regular ovulation, poor semen quality, blocked or damaged fallopian tubes, and endometriosis.
Age, weight, sexually transmitted infections, smoking, alcohol, exposure to pesticides and stress can also affect fertility.
Fertility treatments include drugs to encourage regular ovulation, surgery to repair fallopian tubes or scarring, and assisted birth control such as IVF.
More than eight out of ten couples will conceive naturally within a year of trying.
Couples who have tried unsuccessfully to conceive can access NHS treatments such as B. intrauterine insemination (IUI) – when sperm is inserted into a woman’s uterus – and IVF, when a fertilized egg is inserted into the uterus.
Around 390,000 babies have been born through IVF in the UK since 1991, compared to over a million in the US. The annual rate has tripled over the past three decades.
In the latest study, researchers examined health records of 266,925 naturally conceived Finnish children born between 1995 and 2000, as well as 13,757 who were born through IVF, IUI, or ovulation induction.
The latter is when women are given fertility drugs to stimulate the follicles in their ovaries, causing them to produce multiple eggs in one cycle.
The study looked at their school and medical records when they were 16 or 18 years old.
The results, published in the European Journal of Population, show that compared to children born naturally, those conceived by assisted conception had higher grade point averages (8 versus 7.7), were less likely to drop out of school (2.4 percent versus 3 .6 percent). percent) and 18 less likely to have left home (11 percent vs. 17 percent).
However, the researchers found that these differences between the two groups “largely disappeared” after accounting for family circumstances such as parents’ wealth, relationship status and education.
Babies born through IVF are more likely to come from wealthier families who may provide their children with more money, time and emotional investment than their education, they said.
Private IVF treatment costs around £5,000 in the UK and $15,000 (£12,000) in the US per cycle.
A separate analysis showed that those conceived through assisted conception were 1 percent more likely to suffer from anxiety and depression.
Nine percent of youngsters conceived naturally had a mental health diagnosis in their late teens, compared to 10 percent for assisted conception.
The researchers said that while the finding is small in percentage terms, it is significant.
dr Hanna Remes, a researcher at the University of Helsinki and lead author of the study, said the team could not yet explain this finding.
However, she suggested that couples may suffer from depression and anxiety in response to their troubles conceiving, which puts their child “at higher risk of mental health problems.”
Alternatively, parents who have used assisted conception “may be more concerned about their child’s well-being” and are more likely to take them to the doctor or hospital – increasing their likelihood of being diagnosed with mental health problems and other conditions.
The team noted that the world’s oldest IVF child is only 43 years old, so research on the subject is “relatively new and unexplored”.
But with the rise of assisted birth control, it is “vital” to understand the long-term implications for children and young people, they said.
Source: | This article originally belongs to Dailymail.co.uk
https://www.soundhealthandlastingwealth.com/health-news/babies-born-through-ivf-end-up-being-smarter-but-are-more-prone-to-depression-study-finds/ Babies born through IVF end up being smarter… but more prone to depression, study finds