In the photo: India marks 75 exciting years since independence from the UK

India is marking 75 years since independence.

India’s first Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru said: “At midnight, “when the world sleeps, India will awaken to life and freedom”.

The historic speech just before midnight on August 15, 1947 made the hopes of millions come true with India, a free, independent nation and a history of British colonialism in the past.

Seventy-five years on, India has changed a lot and its story is told through turmoil, difficult obstacles, spiritual triumphs and terrible tragedies.

The birth of the nation was not an easy one, with bloodshed claiming the lives of as many as the former jewel in the crown of the British Empire divided into predominantly Hindu India. and mostly Muslim Pakistan.

The assassination of Mahatma Gandhi was another difficult moment for the fledgling nation, but India continued with its plans to become the world’s largest democracy.

The Tibetan leader, the Dalai Lama, sought refuge in India after a failed uprising and the 1960s were marked by conflicts with China and Pakistan.

Muslim refugees sit on the roof of an overcrowded train trying to flee India near New Delhi on September 19, 1947 (File/AP) (AP)
The body of assassinated Indian leader Mahatma Gandhi, covered with rose petals, is brought to his cremation site in New Delhi, January 31, 1948 (Max Desfor/File/AP) (AP)
Voters receive ballots from polling station officials for India’s first general election in a rural village in the Indian state of Delhi (File/AP) (AP)
Prime Minister of India Jawaharlal Nehru, left, visits His Holiness the Dalai Lama, the spiritual and temporal head of Tibet, at Birla House in Mussoorie hill station, India (AP) (AP)

Bangladesh’s struggle for independence from Pakistan has won support from India in a conflict that has increased tensions between the neighbours.

Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi, right, and Pakistani President Zulfikar Ali Bhutto shake hands after signing an agreement at the Governor’s Palace in Simla, India, on June 28, 1972 (File/AP) (AP)

A glorious moment of unification came for India in 1983, when a team led by Kapil Dev won the World Cup at Lord in 1983 with a surprise victory over the mighty West Indies.

Few could believe that for decades, India would become the dominant financial force in the sport it helped transform.

But there are other tragedies ahead, including the bloody campaign against Sikh fighters in Amritsar and the chemical disaster at Bhopal that left some 15,000 people dead.

India cricket captain Kapil Dev, second from left, hugs Indian pitcher Madan Lal while the rest of the Indian team celebrate at Lord’s after Sunil Gavaskar has caught Larry Gomes, West Indians of the year. India won the World Cup for the first time in 1983 (Peter Kemp/File/AP) (AP)
A Sikh warrior holding field glasses looks at government troops. About 1,200 people died in fighting in 1984 after Indian troops stormed the Golden Temple in Amritsar (Sondeep Shankar/AP) (AP)
The pesticide plant at Bhopal, operated by Union Carbide, leaked about 40 tons of the lethal methyl isocyanate gas into the air, killing about 15,000 people and affecting at least 500,000 others in 1984 (Peter Kemp). /AP) (AP)
Young Muslim separatists take to the streets with guns, defying a military curfew and demanding independence in Kashmir in 1990 (Ajit Kumar/AP) (AP)

After the deaths of Mahatma and Indira, another Gandhi, Rajiv, was killed by a Sri Lankan suicide bomber while the Kashmir conflict remained bitterly unresolved with Pakistan, like its neighbour, having arms. Nuclear.

Sonia, widow of Rajiv Gandhi, center, and her two children, Rahul and Priyanka, look back from the funeral pyre after the body of the former Indian prime minister was burned during his funeral in New Delhi on Friday May 24, 1991 (Denis Paquin, File/AP) (AP)
India’s conflict with Pakistan that raged for three months over the disputed region of Kashmir in 1999 almost brought the nuclear neighbors to war (Aijaz Rahi/File/AP) (AP)

In 2000, India’s population passed the one billion mark and would naturally replace China as the most populous country in the world, although the 2004 tsunami was another disaster that severely damaged India. Degree.

But the largely Indian-inspired reinvention of world cricket and the impact of Bollywood has ensured India marks its anniversary with a strong cultural presence on the world stage.

Commuters travel in an overloaded vehicle outside the then city called Calcutta on May 10, 2000. India’s population officially hit one billion a day later (Bikas Das/AP) (AP)
A massive tsunami caused by a massive undersea earthquake in the Indian Ocean killed more than 10,000 Indians. Paliyaamma lost seven family members (Gurinder Osan/File/AP) (AP)
An Indian soldier takes cover as the Taj Mahal hotel caught fire in 2008 during a gunfight between the Indian army and militia. Three days of terror in Mumbai by Pakistan-based militant group Lashkar-e-Taiba left 166 people dead (David Guttenfelder/File/AP) (AP)
Bollywood dancers performing on stage as the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge attend the Bollywood Charity Gala hosted by the British High Commission and the British Asia Trust at the Taj Mahal Palace Hotel in Mumbai, India (Ian Vogler/Daily Mirror/PA) (PA Archive)
Narendra Modi is India’s leader as the country celebrates its latest milestone (Saurabh Das/AP) (AP)

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