One of the world’s deadliest diseases kills nine people in Equatorial Guinea

Nine people have died in Equatorial Guinea from one of the world’s deadliest diseases.

The Marburg virus has a mortality rate of up to 88 percent – similar to its cousin Ebola.

It is the first time the pathogen has been seen in the African nation, which is now scrambling to contain the outbreak.

Hundreds of people suspected of being infected with the currently incurable virus have already been quarantined.

And neighboring countries Cameroon and Gabon have restricted movement along their borders over contagion concerns.

International aid agencies have rushed to deploy teams on the ground in the country's Kie Ntem province to help control the outbreak. Neighboring countries Cameroon and Gabon have also restricted movement along their borders over contagion concerns

International aid agencies have rushed to deploy teams on the ground in the country's Kie Ntem province to help control the outbreak. Neighboring countries Cameroon and Gabon have also restricted movement along their borders over contagion concerns

International aid agencies have rushed to deploy teams on the ground in the country’s Kie Ntem province to help control the outbreak. Neighboring countries Cameroon and Gabon have also restricted movement along their borders over contagion concerns

Marburg virus disease, which kills up to 88 percent of people, is considered one of the deadliest pathogens of all. So far, 16 cases and nine deaths have been identified, all in the same region, the World Health Organization (WHO) said yesterday

Marburg virus disease, which kills up to 88 percent of people, is considered one of the deadliest pathogens of all. So far, 16 cases and nine deaths have been identified, all in the same region, the World Health Organization (WHO) said yesterday

Marburg virus disease, which kills up to 88 percent of people, is considered one of the deadliest pathogens of all. So far, 16 cases and nine deaths have been identified, all in the same region, the World Health Organization (WHO) said yesterday

International aid organizations have deployed teams on the ground in Kie Ntem, where all cases have been detected so far.

The World Health Organization (WHO) announced yesterday that 16 people had also tested positive.

Q+A: What is MVD?

What do we know about the outbreak?

Health officials yesterday confirmed 16 cases and nine deaths have been identified so far in the country’s western Kie Ntem province.

What is the disease?

Marburg virus disease (MVD) is a deadly virus with a case fatality rate that, according to figures, can be as high as 88 percent.

It was first discovered in 1967 after an outbreak in Marburg, Germany, among workers exposed to African vervet monkeys.

Marburg and Ebola viruses both belong to the Filoviridae family. Although caused by different viruses, the two diseases are clinically similar.

Both diseases are rare and can cause dramatic outbreaks with high mortality rates, the World Health Organization (WHO) notes.

Initially, MVD infection in humans results from prolonged exposure to mines or burrows inhabited by colonies of Rousettus bats (fruit bats).

People remain contagious as long as their blood contains the virus.

Does it spread?

The WHO has dispatched a team of “health emergency experts” to prevent the further spread of the infection.

At a press conference last week, Health Minister Mitoha Ondo’o Ayekaba said that after consultation with the WHO and the United Nations, a “containment plan” has been put in place to stem the spread of the infection.

The quarantine affects 4,325 people in Ki-Ntem, he said.

Local health officials first sounded the alarm on February 7 after discovering a mysterious disease was causing cases of hemorrhagic fever.

However, experts soon realized that Marburg virus disease (MVD) was to blame, according to preliminary testing supported by the WHO.

The UN agency is calling an emergency meeting of the Marburg virus vaccine consortium later today to discuss the outbreak.

Marburg is first transmitted to humans by fruit bats and spreads among humans through direct contact with the bodily fluids of infected individuals, surfaces, and materials.

Symptoms come on suddenly and include severe headache, fever, diarrhea, stomach pain, and vomiting, and progressively become more severe.

In the early stages of MVD – the disease that causes it – it is very difficult to distinguish it from other tropical diseases such as Ebola and malaria.

Infected patients become “ghostly,” often developing deep-set eyes and expressionless faces.

This is usually accompanied by bleeding from multiple body openings – including the nose, gums, eyes, and vagina.

The first outbreak was observed in Germany and Serbia in 1967.

dr Matshidiso Moeti, WHO Regional Director for Africa, said: “Marburg is highly contagious.

“Thanks to the Equatorial Guinean authorities’ quick and decisive action in confirming the disease, emergency response can quickly go into full swing so that we can save lives and stop the virus as soon as possible.”

MVD is usually associated with outbreaks in Angola, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Kenya, South Africa and Uganda.

WHO has dispatched experts to support the affected districts with testing and contact tracing and to provide medical care to people with symptoms of the disease.

The WHO confirmed yesterday that other “experts in health emergencies” in the fields of epidemiology, case management, infection prevention, laboratory and risk communication are also on duty.

Currently there is none Vaccines or antiviral treatments approved to treat MVD.

However, health experts advise supportive care, rehydration with oral or IV fluids, and treatment of specific symptoms to improve survival.

According to the WHO, a number of potential treatments, including blood products, immunotherapies and drug therapies, are currently being evaluated.

Source: | This article originally belongs to Dailymail.co.uk

https://www.soundhealthandlastingwealth.com/health-news/one-of-worlds-deadliest-diseases-kills-nine-in-equatorial-guinea/ One of the world’s deadliest diseases kills nine people in Equatorial Guinea

Brian Ashcraft

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